piel atópica qué es

Atopic skin, what is it? what are the causes?

What is atopic skin?


The skin is the largest organ of our body and is often affected by factors such as stress, allergies, genetic or environmental factors, among others.  Atopic skin, or atopic dermatitis, is one of these chronic skin disorders that affects equally two of the three layers of our skin: the epidermis and the dermis. 

What causes atopic dermatitis?


Although it can be due to various day-to-day factors such as stress, the most common cause of the appearance of this skin disorder is the genetic factor, therefore, it cannot be prevented.  This skin disorder is more common in children and disappears during adulthood. 

How do you know if you have atopic skin?


Atopic skin can be distinguished by its cutaneous manifestations. Although it is most common for the skin to be dry and red and itchy, in the most extreme cases skin eruptions such as blisters or scabs appear. These should not be touched or scratched, as they could break, causing a serious skin infection.

What are the symptoms of atopic dermatitis?


The most common symptoms of atopic dermatitis are itching and dryness. To a lesser extent, atopic dermatitis manifests itself in the form of blisters or scabs on the skin that can become infected and cause major skin problems. 

Where does atopic dermatitis appear?


Atopic dermatitis can appear on any part of the body, face, hands, belly... although it most commonly appears in areas of flexion of our body, such as elbows or knees. 

How to cure atopic dermatitis?


To cure atopic dermatitis it is of vital importance to moisturize the skin. Although this step is considered essential for all skin types, whether or not they have problems like this, in this case hydration is essential because the skin is dry and cracked. It is also important to use specific creams for atopic skin.

Some other tricks to cure atopic dermatitis are: take care of your diet and ingest a lot of vitamins, use soaps with neutral PH to avoid drying out the skin, refrain from using cosmetics with alcohols or parabens, take short, cold showers to relieve itching and finally, a good trick is to keep the moisturizer in the refrigerator so that, when applied on dry and itchy skin, it relieves it to a greater extent.  

How long does an outbreak of atopic dermatitis last?


Although there is no concrete answer to this question since each person suffers a different degree of atopic dermatitis and suffers more or less assiduously, if the outbreaks are treated in time, they should disappear within a couple of weeks. 


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